Teaching a listening activity
Presenting a listening activity goes in three stages . In each stage there are some steps that should be followed:
#1. Pre-listening stage:
* Prepare pupils for the listening activity by:
1- Introduce the topic of listening; say the title of the topic.
2- Activate pupils’ existing knowledge; lead discussion around the topic to elicit what pupils already know about the topic and what they need to know or what information they anticipate to listen to.
3- Build prior knowledge; provide appropriate background information about the speakers, the topic, concepts and vocabulary embedded in the text and motivate pupils’ interest to listen.
4- Define a purpose for the listening activity; ask a pre-question pupils think of its answer while listening or identify a task for pupils to complete during listening.
#2. During listening stage:
* Pupils listen to the text at least twice:
1- The first time allows pupils to answer the pre-question, get a general idea about the topic and verify the accuracy of their predictions.
2- The second time and subsequent times help pupils to derive the information they need to complete the tasks identified in pre-listening stage.
* Examples for some tasks to be done during listening:
1- Answering some questions on specific information in the listening text.
2- A map chart/graph pupils complete as they listen.
#3. Post-listening stage:
* Pupils act upon what they have heard to give evidence that they understood the text.
* Examples for some post-listening tasks:
1- Summarize the main ideas of the listening text either orally or in writing.
2- Write a composition based on the material acquired during listening.
3- Outline the material they listened to in writing using charts, diagrams, etc