Before writing any examination questions or designing assessment exercises, you should keep in mind the following six points:
- Provide your students with the opportunity to show to what extent they have achieved the outcomes of learning of the whole syllabus or the lesson at hand. Accordingly, your assessment should differentiate between those who have already learned and those who need revision or more practice.
- Focus only on the most important aspects of the course and the objectives that you set for each lesson or unit, rather than other details.
- Provide feedback on performance as soon as possible so that students may improve themselves. Remember that the main aim of assessment is that students are able to learn through the process of assessment and view assessment as part of their learning process.
- Provide a means of encouragement by giving students the chance to see and sense their success and progress. It builds and increases their self-confidence as achievers.
- Design clear assessment criteria and marking guidance that allow differentiation and make students feel that you are fair.