There are various types of multimedia that we can use in an EFL lesson. Among these are DVDs, CDs, video clips, flash presentations, audio files, … etc.
But why do you think we need to use multimedia in our lessons? The following are the main reasons.
- To maintain a high level of interest in the lesson.
- To expose learners to life-like language.
- To promote greater student participation.
- To simulate an English speaking environment.
- To sharpen learners’ memory.
In the Past written passages were the main way to get the language and most of our comprehension drills were boring and not very effective. In addition, ideas were either vague or too simple
Nowadays multimedia are available everywhere and pupils find them interesting and attractive. Sight and sound evoke pupils’ curiosity for learning and capture their attention in a better way, which results in a more effective learning and enhanced retention. Multimedia encourage pupils to use the language, comment on a scene or act it.
We can mention more and more advantages for using multimedia in EFL lesson such as they:
- increase learners’ retention.
- add variety to your lesson.
- provide better details.
- enhance the persuasive appeal of your lesson.
- reach learners by addressing different learning styles.
- can be used to show abstract concepts.
- reduce your public speaking anxiety.
- improve pronunciation, intonation and word stress.
- help minimize teachers’ talking time.
How to use multimedia effectively?
First of all, you should:
- choose a suitable material.
- prepare additional aids, such as pictures, slides, wall sheets, etc.
- prepare handouts containing all types of questions.
Steps in sequence:
- Playing for enjoyment (non-stop).
- Giving blank sheets of papers.
- Asking pupils to write down their notes, ideas, questions and difficult words.
- Second play for “note taking”.
- During the second play, making many stops for the sake of repeating a word, a sentence or asking a question.
- Final play for checking answers.
- Wrapping up by making pupils act or retell what they have seen.
These technologies represent some of the latest tools and trends in ELT. While some are being implemented now, the use of others is on the horizon. So you need to prepare yourself for them in the next one to five years. Here is the list of them:
1. Smart Watches
Smart watches promise for new ways of learning. Its motion and pressure sensors can make it more applicable for activity-based learning.
2. Smart Phones, Tablets and Mobile Phones
Students who have these gadgets and used to access to the internet using them have been growing. Students can easily use these tools for their learning. It will give them an opportunity for more independence and openness in addition to more collaboration with tons of learning resources and apps.
3. Cloud Computing
Google Classroom is one of the cloud-based tools which more schools will use in the next five years as it make easier for students and teachers to have access to information wherever they are, on whatever device they have.
4. Social Media
Using social media nowadays is the standard. They will be used more in the near future across schools and universities for research and share information
5. Open Source Software
Blogs, eBooks MOOCs and other open source content will be used increasingly as they provide students with a chance to have control on their learning.
6. Flipped or Blended Learning
This approach will become more commonly used in the next five years as it allows students to be responsible for their learning and gives opportunity to teachers to spend more time preparing challenging tasks to their students.
Using games in learning increases the stickiness of the lesson in students’ memory as they – according to many researches – remember 90% of what they do. For that reason it is expected to use gamificaton more in the next two or three years.
In Sum: These new technologies continue to emerge and be used in the learning community in general and particularly in ELT field. As a teacher, you should be ready for that use evaluating them to see how to get the most benefit from each one.