We often use video clips in EFL classroom to enhance listening skill and promote speaking. Video clips are valuable classroom tools especially when English is considered as a foreign language that is available to be listened to only in the classroom and not spoken outside it. Video clips provide students with an important stimulus for language production and practice. In addition, there are many other advantages of them in EFL classroom. Some of these advantages are as follow:
1. Students can observe in them real setting, actions and gestures.
2. They can be stepping stones to fun and communicative activities which include pre-viewing, while-viewing and post-viewing tasks.
3. They make everyday English accessible to learners.
4. The speech in them is authentic and the adversity of accents is clear.
5. They are rich with English-speaking cultures.
6. The language spoken in them is real, that is, structures are used in real contexts and real-life situations.
There are many things we can do with these video clips in EFL classroom. Here are some video clips-based tasks:
Sound off and watch:
Students are divided into groups. They watch the video clip with the sound turned off. It is preferable that the clip on focus includes emotions with plenty of gestures to stimulate students’ imagination. Students in each group are asked to predict the content of the scene, write their own script and perform it for the public. After the performances students watch the scene with sound turned on and decide which group was the funniest and which one is the nearest to original. This exercise is a good fun and promote speaking and imagination as well.
Students are divided into two groups. Students of the first group see and hear a clip; students of the other group only hear it. After that students of the second group have an interview with students of the first group asking them about what they have seen. This exercise is good for practicing grammatical structures, promoting speaking and enhancing listening skill.
Watch, observe and write:
Students view a scene full of actions. Then they are asked to write what they have seen. This exercise aims at practicing new vocabulary and writing compositions.
Students watch a clip a few times. Then they are asked to write the main words and important phrases that a particular character says. Students are divided into groups. Each group is asked to focus on a character, listen carefully to what it says then write the key words and phrases of its speech. Teacher checks spelling and grammar of what students have written.
After that students are asked to use their memory or imagination to add to what they have written to compose the whole script of the video clip. Then the groups can perform the scene. This exercise gives students the opportunity to work on grammar and vocabulary, promote listening and practicing writing.
Watch and answer:
Students are asked to focus on the actions they can see and the dialogue spoken. Teacher can teach them the key vocabulary beforehand. After watching, students’ memory and comprehension are tested by asking them a series of true/false questions and asking them to put a series of events in order.
Features of pronunciation exercise:
We can select a scene deals with connected speech in particular prominence (or sentence stress) which is the speaker’s choice and use to convey a meaning. Students can watch the scene and decide which parts of the sentences are prominent and the meaning that the speaker wants to convey with his sentence stress. This exercise is very useful to allow students to practice sentence stress in context.
In this exercise students listen to and see some jumbled mini dialogues. They are asked to put the mini dialogues in logical order to make a good and real conversation that we can enjoy and understand. And then students are asked to role play the whole conversation. This exercise develops students’ communication skills and encourages them to practice conversational English.