Use native language in English class when:
* translating abstract words like “love” or “hate”
* checking that pupils knew the meaning of a word after presenting it.
* explaining a difficult grammar point so that pupils can understand a difference between English and the native language.
* explaining a cultural reference so that the context is clear.
Insist on using English in primary or low-level classes so that:
* Pupils will have more reason and opportunity to use English, too.
* Pupils receive listening practice.
* Pupils learn and practice common or repeated classroom language or routines in English. (e.g. Please open your books on page ___.)
Encourage pupils to use English in the class by:
* asking common and useful questions. ( e.g. What does X mean? How do you spell ____?)
* keeping a list of useful and common statements and questions on a classroom wall or having pupils keep this list in their notebooks.
* allowing pupils to demonstrate their understanding by doing an action also counts as using English in the classroom.
A pupil can use native language in the English class when:
* explaining to his partner how to do an exercise, he is trying to help his partner to learn. pupils often do not have the English skills necessary to explain in English.
* discussing a grammar point with his partner, they are helping each other to understand something in English.
* doing a speaking activity, a pupil may use a word in his native language when he doesn’t know the English one. He is still trying his best to communicate in English.