You can handle new words in a reading exercise in one of the following three ways:
1. Get the new and key words out of the reading text and present their meanings in the pre-reading stage.
2. Let the students read the text and underline or highlight the new words or the words they don’t know, and then work on the meaning of individual words afterwards perhaps while reading aloud to the students.
In the previous first two cases the teacher should beware of wasting time on words that can just be ignored.
3. Don’t deal with vocabulary at all so that students read with relative fluency and get an overview of the text.
Even native speakers encounter words they’re unfamiliar with and may not look them up if they’re still able to understand what they’re reading.
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