Category: Teach Reading

Two Games to Teach Reading and Develop Children’s Auditory Skills

Children who can’t read are missing one of the following important auditory skills:

  • They can’t rhyme sounds in words.
  • They can’t put sounds (word parts) together to make words. That’s They don’t have the skill of sounding out new words.
  • They don’t know the short vowel sounds or unable to recognize the differences among short vowel sounds. (Short vowels: a-apple, e-elephant, i-igloo, o-octopus, u-umbrella).
  • They have slow recall of letter sounds. E.g. they see the letter “w” and can’t remember what it says.

These traits are common to most children who struggle in reading. These are not traits of “laziness” but of auditory and memory deficits.

In this case and in order to get your children to read words quickly and with ease, you should encourage them to practice the skills mentioned above by using the following two games.

1. Connect-three Game:

This game will help your children connect sounds to make words. This skill is used when children sound out new words.

How to Play:

Tell your children, “I’m going to say three sounds. I want you to put the sounds together and say a word. For example, I say c-a-t and you say cat. I say d-o-g and you say dog.”, etc.

Here’s a list to get you started: begin with nouns, things that can be visualized and advance to words that don’t create mental pictures.

m-o-m
b-ir-d
h-o-t
h-i-m
d-a-d
s-u-n
gr-ee-n
c-a-n
d-e-sk
pi-zz-a
dr-in-k
w-i-ll
br-ai-n
mo-n-ey
c-ol-d
a-n-d
tr-e-e
c-am-p
st-o-p
b-u-t
y-ar-d
t-en-t
w-i-n
fr-o-m

2. Body-name Game:

This game will teach children how to rhyme. Knowing how to rhyme will help children read word “families” such as let, met, pet, wet, and get. Notice that rhyming words have same sound endings, but different beginning sounds. Some words don’t look the same: ache, cake, steak but they rhyme.

How to Play:

Begin by modeling how to rhyme. Point to parts of your body, say a rhyming word and your children should say the body part. This puts rhyming into their ears with a visual cue (pointing). If you point to your nose and say rose, they will automatically say nose.

Tell your children, “We are going to play a rhyming game. Rhyming words have the same sound endings. I’m going to point to something on my body and say a word. You’re going to say the body part that rhymes. Okay?” Give them two examples: “I’m pointing to my leg, and I say beg. You say leg. I’m pointing to my nose. I say rose, and you say nose. Point to your knee and say bee or me, children will say knee. etc.

Here’s a list of body parts and rhyming words:

deer-ear
pail-nail
sack-back
go-toe
gum-thumb
put-foot
bye-eye
deck-neck
see-knee
bear-hair
fin-chin
band-hand
peek-cheek
farm-arm
feel-heel

When your children are able to rhyme body parts, turn it around. Say, “I’m going to say a word and you’ll tell me as many rhyming words as you can. I say “bee”, then you say words such as “he, she, we, three, free, or agree.”

Choose one-syllable words that are easy to rhyme with, such as had, rat, man, fall, ten, red, big, fill, hop, dog, bug and sun. All of these have multiple words that rhyme.


For a whole guide including more practical tips and activities to teach beginning reading to ESL/EFL learners, you can get my featured eBook: Teaching Beginning Reading to ESL/EFL Learners

It covers the following topics:

  • What is reading?
  • The main approaches to teaching beginning reading.
  • The stages of teaching beginning reading.
  • Sample activities for beginning reading.
  • Some important guidelines for EFL teachers to follow before beginning to teach reading in English.

You may also like to subscribe to my blog not only to be notified of my latest posts and publications but also to get my FREE GIFTS: Two of My Featured ELT Guides.

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Practical Tips to Teach Reading with Phonics

In order to be able to read, every child must be taught the sounds of the alphabet letters. They must be able to recall the sounds quickly. They must see the letter and say the sound without hesitation.

Following some practical tips to teach alphabet sounds and improve your child’s auditory skills:

  • Use “Alphabet Chart” with pictures to teach alphabet letters and letter sounds.
  • Point to each letter and ask your child, “Tell me what this letter says.”
  • Point to each letter as you are saying the letter name and the letter sound.
  • Review the alphabet chart once a day and pretty soon your child will be able to point to each letter and say the sounds himself.
  • Help your child to create his own “Alphabet Book” to learn most of the alphabet letter sounds by drawing pictures of items that begin with the sound of each alphabet letter.
  • Ask your child to tell you the letter sound, not the letter name.
  • Say and let him repeat the letter sounds that he misses. This is a good place to begin fixing your child’s auditory gaps.

Phonics is one effective method of teaching children how to read. Following are some items that children should be taught to know how to “sound out” new words:

  • Consonant letters’ sounds b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z
  • Blend sounds: br, cr, dr, fr, gr, pr, tr, wr, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl, scr, str, sm, sn, sp, sc, sk,
  • Short vowel sounds: a, e, i, o, u
  • Digraph sounds: sh, ch, th, wh
  • Double vowel sounds: ai, ea, ee, oa
  • Other double vowel sounds: oi, oo, ou, ow
  • Silent /e/: it doesn’t say anything but makes the vowel before it says its own name.
  • /R/ controlled vowel sounds: ar, er, ir, or, ur

Phonics consists of a series of rules that children have to memorize and apply when they are sounding out new words. When children are taught a rule, i.e. silent /e/, they should practice reading words with silent /e/. Then they should do skill sheets at their desk highlighting the silent /e/ rule.

Children cannot learn to read without proper knowledge of phonics. It is the foundation for success in reading. They will succeed to read if they learn letter sounds to an automatic level – that’s being able to see the letter(s) and say the sound immediately.


For a whole guide including more practical tips to teach beginning reading to ESL/EFL learners, you can get my featured eBook:

It covers the following topics:

* What is reading?

* The main approaches to teaching beginning reading.

* The stages of teaching beginning reading.

* Sample activities for beginning reading.

* Some important guidelines for EFL teachers to follow before beginning to teach reading in English.

 


If you are in charge of teaching adult learners and want to know how to teach reading comprehension with practical tips, you can get my latest eBook:

It covers the following topics:

* The nature of reading comprehension.

* What should be done before starting a reading lesson.

* Reading comprehension strategies and activities.

* How to work with a reading text.

* How to plan a reading lesson.

* How to develop your students’ reading comprehension.

 


You may also like to subscribe to my blog not only to be notified of my latest posts and publications but also to get my FREE GIFTS: Two of My Featured ELT Guides.

Look down, write your email address, and then click “Subscribe”


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Three Methods to Teach Your Child to Read

Reading is Best Taught Using a Combination of Three Methods:

  1. Auditory training – training for the ears to prepare the child’s brain for phonics.
  2. Phonics – knowledge of letter(s) sounds.
  3. Whole Language – immediate application of phonics into connected sentences and stories.

It’s clear from research that using one of these methods will help only a few children. In fact, using two out of three methods will still leave numerous children illiterate. However, when auditory training, phonics and whole language are merged, literacy rates increase significantly.

Learning How to Read Begins in Children’s Ears.

Most people think children learn how to read through their eyes. But reading is actually learned through the ears. Parents lay a foundation for success in reading by talking to a child, reading books to him, and playing auditory games such as rhyming. The more books you read, the bigger his vocabulary becomes. A bigger vocabulary allows him to recognize lots of words while he reads.

Steps to Teach Your Child to Read:

  1. Teaching alphabet sounds to help your child improve auditory skills.
  2. Encourage and motivate your child to put sounds together.
  3. Teach your child how to rhyme.
  4. Teach your child to sound out new words.
  5. Encourage your child to memorize words as whole units.

The Normal Sequence For Children Learning How to Read:

  1. From birth to age three, children listen to lots of words spoken and learn how to talk.
  2. Children, aged three to four years old have growing vocabularies, and they learn how to rhyme.
  3. In first grade children are taught how to blend letter sounds together to “sound out” words and memorize sight words. They begin reading simple sentences.
  4. Second and third graders learn how to read “chapter” books and read fluently with comprehension.

Students who fail at reading in English are unlikely to do well in English exams at school, so all ESL/EFL teachers in primary schools place much emphasis on developing the reading skills of their learners.

ESL/EFL teachers in primary schools are constantly searching for effective techniques that can help them produce effective results related to getting their students to read in English as quickly as possible, that’s why I’ve decided to create a practical guide with sample activities to help both teachers and parents to teach children beginning reading so that they can read in English easily and quickly.

“Teaching Beginning Reading” eBook tackles the following main ideas:

  • What is reading?
  • The main approaches to teaching beginning reading.
  • The stages of teaching beginning reading.
  • Sample activities for beginning reading.
  • Some important guidelines for EFL teachers to follow before beginning to teach reading in English.

I wrote this eBook to exchange my experience with the teachers on the techniques they should use in the classroom, the guidelines they should follow and the reading tasks that can get most children to read in ESL/EFL classes with ease and in a fairly short time.

To spread benefit, I offer this eBook for the lowest price and moreover, if you buy it, you will get another eBook on “Teaching Grammar in the Classroom to ESL/EFL Learners” as a bonus from elttguide.com.

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