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Recognize The 8 Kinds of Language Testing & The 6 Types of Tests

EFL testing

There are eight kinds of testing. They are as follow:

1. Direct Testing:

Testing is said to be direct when the student is required to perform directly the skill which we wish to measure, e.g. we ask students to write compositions if we want to know how well they can write compositions and we ask them to speak if we want to know how well they can pronounce a language.

2. Indirect Testing:

Indirect testing attempts to measure the abilities which underlie the skills in which we are interested. E.g. we test pronunciation ability by asking students to identify pairs of words which rhyme with each other.

3. Objective Testing:

It doesn’t require judgement on the part of the scorer because scoring here is objective. It won’t change even if the scorer has been changed. Multiple choice test is an example of this kind of tests.

4. Subjective Testing:

It requires judgement on the part of the scorer because scoring here is subjective. The grades in subjective testing depend on the impressions of the scorer. These impressions are not the same among different scorers. Scoring of a composition is an example of this kind of testing.

5. Discrete Point Testing:

It refers to the testing of one element at a time, item by item. This kind of testing is always indirect. Each testing involves a particular item. Testing particular grammatical structures is an example of this kind of testing.

6. Integrative Testing:

It includes many language elements in the completion of a task. It might involve writing a composition, taking notes while listening to a text and completing a cloze passage.

7. Norm-Referenced Testing:

This kind of testing relates one student’s performance to that of other students. We don’t say that student is capable of doing well in the language but we say the student gained a score that placed him/her in the top five students who have taken the same test.

8. Criterion-Referenced Testing:

The purpose of this kind of testing is to classify students according to whether they are able to perform some tasks satisfactorily. Who performs the tasks satisfactorily ‘pass’, those who don’t, ‘fail’. We measure students’ progress in relation to meaningful criteria.

EFL tests

6 Types of Tests

There are six different types of tests. They are as follow:

1. Placement Test:

It is used to place new students in the right class in a school. It assesses students’ productive and receptive skills and designed to show how good a student is in English in relation to a previously agreed system of levels.

2. Diagnostic Test:

It is used to discover student problems, difficulties or deficiencies in a course. We use this type of tests to know students’ strengths and weaknesses so as to be able to do something about them.

3. Progress/Achievement Test:

It is designed to measure students’ language and their skill progress in relation to the syllabus they have been following. This type is directly related to language courses and done during the course.

4. Final Progress/Achievement Test:

Students do this test at the end of the course to measure students’ achievement of the course objectives or goals.

5. Proficiency Test:

It is not necessarily based on certain courses that students may have previously taken. Most students take this type of test to admit to a foreign university, get a job, or obtain some kind of certificate. Teachers design this test to measure students’ knowledge and ability in a language.

6. Aptitude Test:

Teachers design this test to discover whether a student has a talent or basic ability for learning a new language or not.

Writing Effective Test Items: The Definitive Guide

For over 20 years, I’ve developed, contributed to creating and administered school tests. And at that time, I’ve noticed one thing popping up again and again: As a teacher and a test builder, it’s really hard to write effective test items.

With this challenge in mind, I’ve created “Writing Effective Test Questions: The Definitive Guide”

What is This Guide?

Designed with how to create effective test items in mind, this definitive guide gives the teachers step-by-step instructions they need to go deeper, further and faster toward making a success in preparing effective classroom exams with ease and comfort.

With the help of valuable guidelines included in this guide, teachers will be able to avoid any pitfalls in the testing of their students.

This guide is a valuable resource for teachers to construct test items that can capture effectively what a student knows.

It is the comprehensive guide that I personally wish someone would have shared with me when I first started to make classroom tests for my students.

If you want to establish the technical quality of your test, write effective test items and avoid any pitfalls in making tests, why not head down to get “Writing Effective Test Questions: The Definitive Guide” and find out how the most benefit you will get.

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6 thoughts on “Recognize The 8 Kinds of Language Testing & The 6 Types of Tests

  1. BARAKA JUMA says:

    Have nice material for teaching and learning
    thanks more..

  2. Bushra says:

    Thanks so much for the valuable information.

  3. Ryan .N.S says:

    Thank you so much for your tired…

  4. Indeed its awesome and much helpful

  5. Albert Bwika says:

    Thank so much for your guidance

  6. Nimra says:

    Types of test for reading assessment topic share krdien

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