Who is the low-achiever student?
If the student doesn’t or achieves to a low extent the required objectives at the end of the lesson, unit or course, it is important to recognize and identify him/her as a low achiever. In this case, a remedial plan should be designed to allow him/her to learn the required knowledge and skills to achieve the established objectives.
Why are some students low achievers?
Some students are low achievers due to different and various reasons. Some of them are as follows:
1. Perhaps the content is too difficult or the students must learn a large amount of it in a short time.
2. Maybe there was no time for practice, revision or recycling the previous content.
3. The students may use wrong or poor learning strategies or study habits when learning or studying their lessons.
4. The students may suffer from stress, depression, physical illness or learning disability.
5. The attitude of the students towards education may be negative. They may lack motivation to learn and study.
6. The reasons may relate to the teachers and teaching. Teachers may be unclear concerning to the objectives their students should achieve. Teachers may use poor or inappropriate teaching or assessment techniques. Feedback and assistance that must be provided to low achievers may be totally absent or provided too late.
How can you assist low achievers and improve their learning skills?
1. First of all, know well who low-achiever learners are. They are learners who usually:
* lack basic knowledge or skills.
* have difficulty in comprehension.
* lack concentration.
* confuse easily in the classroom.
2. Change your attitudes towards them.
3. Give them clear, step by step instructions.
4. Be ready to give them extra help or explanation.
5. Motivate them all the time using all possible ways.
6. Be aware of their learning or studying habits and try to improve them.
7. Know their leaning styles and adapt your teaching to them.
8. Set the objectives that students should achieve at the end of learning sessions and prepare how to assess their achievement. Objectives should be SMART (specific, measurable, acceptable, realistic and timed) and be informed to the students orally at the beginning of each learning session.
9. Diagnose the difficulties as soon as possible or anticipate them and prepare how to deal with and react to them.
10. Observe the students and provide them with immediate feedback concerning to their points of weakness.
11. Prepare some procedures that students should follow or design and implement a remedial plan to remedy your students’ points of weakness.
12. Consult and get advice as early as possible from your colleagues, supervisor, psychological and social specialist regarding to learning issues of your students.
What to do if unable to prevent failure or remedy low achievement?
1. Never give a passing mark to the learner who doesn’t deserve it.
2. Make professional and fair judgments about your students’ performance.
3. Document your judgments and let the school principal and parents be aware of them.
4. Don’t feel “bad”. Failure in a course can be a signal for students to re-consider their choices of the kind of learning or specialization or at least it will mean that, unless they work hard, they won’t pass.
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