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The 3 Main Kinds Of Drills To Practice Grammar

Once the grammar points have been presented in the lesson, the teacher should give the class some drills to practice them. Here are the three main kinds of drills that must be given in any lesson in the following sequence to practice grammar items:

1. Controlled Drills

They are manipulative drills with the aim of developing accuracy. They come directly after presenting the new grammar point.

E.g. Repetition Drills

They can be in groups, in pairs or individually.

2. Guided Drills

Students cannot perform these drills without knowing the meaning of the new grammar point because they focus on the content instead of the form.

E.g. A. Substitution Drills:

They may be:

a. Simple: with one cue

E.g. I go to the market every day. (every week)

b- Multiple: the basic sentence remains the same but the cue could be substitutable for any item in the model.

  • E.g.: T: Ali
  • S: Ali wrote a good book.
  • T: Story.
  • S: Ali wrote a good story.
  • T: love.
  • S: Ali wrote a love story… etc.

B. Chain Drills:

The teacher asks a question then the students ask each other.

  • E.g. T: Are you hungry?
  • S1: No, I am not.
  • S1: (to another student) Are you hungry?
  • S2: Yes, I am.
  • S2: (to a third student) Are you hungry?  Etc.

C. Transformation Drills:

  • E.g. from sentence to a question, passive, negative…..
  • T: I like sandwiches.
  • S1: (to another student) Do you like sandwiches?
  • S2: No, I do not like sandwiches … etc.

D. Expansion Drills:

  • E.g. T: I have a pen. (always)
  • S: I always have a pen.
  • S: I always have a good pen … etc.

E. Integrative drills:

Two short sentences should be combined into one.

  • E.g. I have a pen. It’s red.
  • I have a red pen.

3- Communicative Drills

The students feel freedom of expressing themselves or their ideas.

E.g. tell us about your daily routines (using adverbs of frequency)

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One thought on “The 3 Main Kinds Of Drills To Practice Grammar

  1. Jose Mathews says:

    Excellent. Please continue your good work. All d best.

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