1. Praise them for speaking and pronouncing English well:
Encourage them to peak in English without fearing of making mistakes. Focus on the use of English and reinforce any successful attempts to produce English in real-life situations.
2. Set goals, give clear instructions and model activities:
Tell students WHY an activity is done and what objectives should be achieved at the end of each activity. Tell students HOW to do the activity and give them clear instructions. You should model the activity with one of your best students so everyone can see what they need to do and say.
3. Force students to think and express personally:
Don’t focus only on questions that require mechanical answers but surprise students with questions that force them to pay attention and think personally to give answers. This will improve the class atmosphere and not only enhance speaking but also develop listening skill.
4. Vary your activities:
Start with simple, mechanical activities, then continue with something more meaningful and finish with communicative activities. Variety is required to keep students’ attention and improve their involvement in activities accordingly.
5. Use competition to motivate students to speak:
Divide the class into teams and design a challenge for them to encourage each team to do their best to express well so as to win.
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