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What You Must Know About Assessment

There are two main types of assessment:

  1. Formative or WHILE TEACHING assessment.
  2. Summative or AFTER TEACHING assessment.

And here’s an introduction to them to know what you must know about them

Characteristics Of Formative Assessment:

  • Used all the time.
  • Students don’t know it is taking place.
  • Monitoring progress throughout the learning process.
  • Assessing behaviour and study habits.

Formative Assessment Techniques.

  1. Pair and group work.
  2. Concept-checking questions.
  3. Self-assessment.
  4. Review & project lessons & homework assignments.

1. Pairs and groups:

Monitor students as they are performing tasks and when they are presenting their products.

Go around and:

  • Check that students are on task.
  • Check that all are engaged.
  • Help where needed.
  • Assess learning.

2. Concept-checking questions:

They are asked to:

  • Check understanding of key concepts.
  • Know if students are following or having problems.

3. Self-assessment:

Encourage students to assess their own progress and link it to a specific rubric i.e., the unit’s objectives box.

Why Self-assessment?

  • Gives students responsibility for their own learning.
  • Gives students a realistic picture of their progress.
  • Boosts confidence and empowers students.
  • Shows students where they need to improve.
  • Provides a round-up of each unit for review.
  • Provides you with a snapshot of learning and progress to use for assessment against learning objectives.

4. Review & project lessons & homework assignments (Performance-based assessment):

They require students to apply their knowledge and skills in context, not merely complete a task on cue.

Before doing this kind of assessment, you should answer these questions:

  • What am I trying to assess?
  • What should my students know?
  • At what level should my students be performing?
  • What type of knowledge is being assessed: Memory, Reasoning, or Process?

And also, you should take into account these things:

  • Time allowed.
  • Availability of resources in the classroom.
  • How much data is necessary in order to make an informed decision about the quality of a student’s performance? (Sampling)

Characteristics Of Formal (Summative Assessment:

  • Ss know they are evaluated.
  • Used at the end of a month or the term.
  • Ss perform a task or complete a project.
  • Ss are observed and evaluated while performing or after finishing a product.

Formal assessment must be implemented according to certain criteria.

To define these criteria well, you should consider the following steps:

  • Imagine yourself performing the task.
  • Limit the number of performance criteria.
  • Express the performance criteria in terms of observable pupil behaviours or product characteristics.
  • Don’t use ambiguous words in the performance criteria.
  • List the important aspects of the performance or product.
  • Arrange the performance criteria in the order in which they are likely to be observed.
  • Agree with a group of teachers upon accepted behaviours.
  • Focus on authentic assessment.

Characteristics of Authentic Assessments:

  • Students perform, create or produce something.
  • Students self-reflect on their products.
  • Measuring significant outcomes.
  • Developing higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills.
  • Using meaningful tasks.
  • Involving real-world applications.
  • Encouraging continuous learning.
  • Based on explicit criteria.
  • Is as important as curriculum and teaching.
  • Judged by humans, not a machine.
  • Involving individual and group work.

Assessment Tips

  • Use the ‘traffic light’ system.

Get students to assess their understanding with a traffic light.

Red = I don’t understand (need reteaching)

Orange = partial understanding (need more practice) 

Green = good understanding (objectives achieved).

  • Carry a small notebook when you monitor the class.

Note down who needs more help and who needs extra questions.

Thanks for Reading

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