There are various types of multimedia that we can use in an EFL lesson. Among these are DVDs, CDs, video clips, flash presentations, audio files, … etc.
But why do you think we need to use multimedia in our lessons? The following are the main reasons.
- To maintain a high level of interest in the lesson.
- To expose learners to life-like language.
- To promote greater student participation.
- To simulate an English speaking environment.
- To sharpen learners’ memory.
In the Past written passages were the main way to get the language and most of our comprehension drills were boring and not very effective. In addition, ideas were either vague or too simple
Nowadays multimedia are available everywhere and pupils find them interesting and attractive. Sight and sound evoke pupils’ curiosity for learning and capture their attention in a better way, which results in a more effective learning and enhanced retention. Multimedia encourage pupils to use the language, comment on a scene or act it.
We can mention more and more advantages for using multimedia in EFL lesson such as they:
- increase learners’ retention.
- add variety to your lesson.
- provide better details.
- enhance the persuasive appeal of your lesson.
- reach learners by addressing different learning styles.
- can be used to show abstract concepts.
- reduce your public speaking anxiety.
- improve pronunciation, intonation and word stress.
- help minimize teachers’ talking time.
How to use multimedia effectively?
First of all, you should:
- choose a suitable material.
- prepare additional aids, such as pictures, slides, wall sheets, etc.
- prepare handouts containing all types of questions.
Steps in sequence:
- Playing for enjoyment (non-stop).
- Giving blank sheets of papers.
- Asking pupils to write down their notes, ideas, questions and difficult words.
- Second play for “note taking”.
- During the second play, making many stops for the sake of repeating a word, a sentence or asking a question.
- Final play for checking answers.
- Wrapping up by making pupils act or retell what they have seen.